err with respect to the principle of all principles: that every originary
presentive intuition is a legitimizing source of cognition, that everything
originarily (so to speak, in its “personal” actuality) offered to us in
“intuition” is to be accepted simply as what it is presented as being, but also
only within the limits in which it is presented there”
Edmund Husserl, Ideas pertaining to a Pure Phenomenology
and to a Phenomenological Philosophy, § 24
Accordingly, its core is the study of objects and structures of consciousness as experienced from the first-person point of view, providing method and rigor to any student willing to live “an examined life”, according to a Socratic standard of clarity, accountability and evidence for one’s beliefs and commitments. As a method of research, it branches into eidetic, axiologic, and experimental phenomenology.
Scepticism about ordinary experience as a basic source of evidence and justification of beliefs (albeit critically examinable and subject to constant and indefinite enrichment) has got to shape contemporary mind, according to two largely widespread and often complementary attitudes: Hermeneutic Relativism and Reductive Materialism. According to the former, there are no modes of immediate experience such as intuition, perception or feeling that are true to reality, the world being bound in language, culture and interpretation. According to the latter, phenomena are nothing but epiphenomena, appearances are nothing but illusions, shadows or dreams.
In view of this exciting and double challenge our Centre has developed its main Areas of research and seminal teaching (see below, Sections Teaching; Research and Further Activities)
Phenomenology and Cognitive Neurosciences
Stefano Cappa (Facoltà di Psicologia, Università Vita-Salute San Raffaele)
Michele Di Francesco (Facoltà di Filosofia, Università Vita-Salute San Raffaele)
Shaun Gallagher (Institute of Simulation and Training, University of Central Florida)
Vittorio Gallese (Medicina, Università di Parma)
Michael Pauen (Humboldt-Universität, Berlin, Berlin School of Mind and Brain)
Jean-Luc Petit (Université de Strasbourg, Laboratoire de Physiologie de la Perception et de l’Action, Collège de France, Paris)
Corrado Sinigaglia (Filosofia, Università Statale di Milano)
Claudio de’ Sperati (Facoltà di Psicologia, Università Vita-Salute San Raffaele)
Dan Zahavi (Center for Subjectivity Research, University of Copenhagen)
Phenomenology and Regional Ontologies
Ontology and Language
Lynne Baker (University of Massachusetts, Amherst)
Jocelyn Benoist (Université de Paris 1- Sorbonne)
Elisabetta Sacchi (Facoltà di Filosofia, Università Vita-Salute San Raffaele)
Ontology and Religious Studies
Paolo Costa (Fondazione Bruno Kessler, Trento)
Giuseppe Di Salvatore, (Fondazione Campostrini, Verona)
Francesca De Vecchi (Facoltà di Filosofia, Università Vita-Salute San Raffaele)
Maurizio Ferraris (Filosofia, Università di Torino)
Lorenzo Passerini (Filosofia del Diritto, Università di Pavia)
Wojciech Zelaniec (University of Gdanks)
Phenomenology, Norms and Values
Amedeo G. Conte (Filosofia del Diritto, Università di Pavia)
Mario De Caro (Filosofia, Università di Roma 3)
Paolo Di Lucia (Filosofia del Diritto, Università Statale di Milano)
Giuseppe Lorini (Filosofia del Diritto, Università di Cagliari)
Verena Mayer (Philosophie, Ludwig Maximilian Universität München)
Stefano Rodotà (Diritto, Università di Roma 1)
Massimo Reichlin (Facoltà di Filosofia, Università Vita-Salute San Raffaele)
Roberta Sala (Facoltà di Filosofia, Università Vita-Salute San Raffaele)
Phenomenology and Theories of Experience
Stefano Besoli (Filosofia, Università di Bologna)
Vincenzo Costa (Filosofia, Università del Molise)
Guido Cusinato (Filosofia, Università di Verona, Max Scheler Gesellschaft)
Elio Franzini (Filosofia, Università Statale di Milano)
Dieter Lohmar, (Philosophie, Universität Köln)
Paolo Spinicci (Filosofia, Università Statale di Milano)
Phenomenology and Education
Massimiliano Tarozzi (Facoltà di Scienze Cogntive, Università di Trento)
Vanna Iori (Scienze dell’Educazione, Università cattolica, Piacenza)
Daniele Bruzzone (Scienze dell’Educazione, Università cattolica, Piacenza)
Web Editor and Director
Stefano Cardini (giornalista, Arnoldo Mondadori Editore)
Consciousness: the Embodied-Enactive View. Confronting main trends of research, including experimental psychology and neuro-imaging, on fundamental issues in contemporary analytic Philosophy of Mind: Sensory Perception, Feeling and Emotion, Empathy, and Related Pathologies
Personhood: the Moral, Sensible and Rational Agent. Confronting contemporary Naturalisms and Anti-Naturalisms on the ontology of Personhood, including classic and contemporary issues such as Free Will, Personal Identity, Constitutive Structures of Personality (Sensibility, Will)
Normativity and Values. Confronting contemporary research in meta-ethics and normative ethics, including philosophy of law and political theory, arguing for a) the Unity of Practical Reason; b) a phenomenological version of Axiological Cognitivism, in dialogue/dispute with Constructivism and Scepticism
Social ontology and social cognition. Addressing both social ontology and collective intentionality topics (what are social entities, such as marriages and taxes, social acts such as promises and commands, plural subjects such as rock bands and governments, collective actions such as playing a piano-violin duet?), and dealing with social cognition and inter-subjective intentionality issues (such as empathy, sympathy, emotional contagion, etc.). Approaches and methods: phenomenology (in particular, eidetics), and analytical philosophy.
1. Oncoming Fellowship at Columbia University (italian Academy): Roberta De Monticelli – The Lost Beauty – http://italianacademy.columbia.edu/fellow/roberta-de-monticelli
2. A New Life for Loewen Husserl’s Archives? Research on the renewal in the concept of Husserl Archives’ function, From research ON phenomenology to research IN phenomenology, in collaboration with Loewen Husserl Archives (Prof. Emanuele Caminada)
3. Spring School 2017: In progress
4. Phenomenology today: some popular issues. Embodied Cognition, Empathy, Normativity/Values, Social Cognition. International Permanent Workshop (2015-2016)
This international workshop aims to bring different implementations of the phenomenological method to a common discussion, promoting interdisciplinary research.
5. Phenomenology and its Ways of Applicability (2015-2016)
This reading group aims to examine phenomenology’s ways of application: the program encompasses seminars that deal with phenomenology’s application to history, politics, imagination, psychiatry, psychopathology, education, religion, aesthetics and neurosciences.
Governing Board/Consiglio direttivo
Roberta De Monticelli – Faculty of Philosophy (Director)
Ruggero Pardi – Faculty of Medecine (University President’s Delegate)
Francesca De Vecchi, Faculty of Philosophy
Daniela Perani (Faculty of Psychology)
Duilio Fiorenzo Manara (Director of Education in Nursing Science, Faculty of Medecine)
ROBERTA DE MONTICELLI
Domains of research
Phenomenological Approaches to Mind and Personhood:
Norms and Values – Feeling/Emotions – Will/Decisions – Personal Identity – Embodied Cognition
Ontology of Concreteness: a Challenge to Desertic Ladscapes. From Classical Mereology to Extended Husserlian Mereology
FRANCESCA DE VECCHI
Domains of research
Phenomenological and Analytical Approaches to Social ontology and Collective intentionality
Social Cognition and phenomenology of Intersubjectivity
Eidetics, Values and Variety of Normativity in Social Ontology
Intentionality Types and Forms of Plural Subjects in Social Ontology
BIANCA BELLINI is PhD student at Vita-Salute San Raffaele University of Milan (curriculum: Ethics and Philosophy of Person), where she graduated in 2015 defending the Master’s thesis Literary Worlds as Verbal Images: a Challenge for the Reader. Her research interests focus on the applications of the phenomenological method: she is particularly concerned with the application of this method to the literary scope and her PhD project has as jumping-off point the reader’s experience (Erlebnis) of literary works. It aims at figuring out the connections between such an experience, on the one hand, and, on the other hand, readers’ emotional answers, their personal individuality, the plural subjects’ social individuality they are part of, imagination and, eventually, the cognitive process the act of reading triggers. The first outcome of this research is the birth of a new philosophical scope that enables the reader to approach literary works phenomenologically and that differs form philosophy of literature. The theory devised by M. Scheler about the stratification of emotional life, as well as his theses concerning personal identity, plays a fundamental role in order to think this new approach up. The second outcome of this research regards imagination’s nature and, specificalli, its heuristic and dialectical value.
Since 2015 she has been a member of The Nordic Society for Phenomenology (Copenhagen).
She has been a visiting PhD student of the Center for Subjectivity Research in Copenhagen, and now she is working on her dissertation entitled “Phenomenology and Leib in the Contemporary Debate”: her project is a focus on the notion of Leib from classical phenomenology (the “late” Husserl and Merleau- Ponty) to contemporary studies, with a special attention to interdisciplinary areas (such as psychiatry and “medical phenomenology”) and a focus on the american reception of phenomenology. The final aim is to demonstrate the practical benefits of phenomenology and the constitutive significance of embodiment. Accordingly, her work faces the problem of a “naturalized phenomenology”, and the necessity of a revised notion of “body” and of a revised conception of “subjectivity”.
FEDERICO BONGIORNO (1989). I received my undergraduate degree at the Vita-Salute San Raffaele University of Milan in 2012, where I also obtained my M.A. degree under the supervision of Prof Roberta De Monticelli in 2014. My Master’s thesis was an attempt to revise the notion of ‘practical reason’ in the light of Husserl’s theory of perception. I am currently doing my second Master’s degree in philosophy at Durham University, UK. My research deals with the possibility of applying Husserlian phenomenology to the study of mental disorders. For example, in a recent paper I have argued that Husserl’s analysis of passive synthesis may provide the basis for understanding some central features of schizophrenia, such as the loss of commonsense and practical knowledge. My interests also include the nature of value and normativity, the work of Scheler and Merleau-Ponty, and topics in moral psychology.
EMANUELE BOTTAZZI is a researcher at the Laboratory of Applied Ontology of the Istituto di Scienze e Tecnologie della Cognizione of the Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche. He graduated in Philosophy at the University of Ferrara in 2003 (magna cum laude) under the supervision of Claudio Masolo (ISTC-CNR). From 2004 to 2008 he had a research position at LOA and he also collaborated with the Ontology Lab of the University of Turin. He received in 2010 his Ph.D. in philosophy from the University of Torino (Italy) on the metaphysical issues of social organizations. During 2008 he was visiting scholar at Columbia University, Philosophy department, under the supervision of professor Achille Varzi. He is generally interested in multidisciplinary research, trying to fill the gap between an analytical approach and a humanistic one between philosophy and applied ontology intended as a discipline in Artificial Intelligence. More specifically he has as its interests: Social Ontology, Political Philosophy, Philosophy of Law and Metaphysics.
MARIA CHIARA BRUTTOMESSO is a PhD student at the University of Verona. Graduated at the University of Padua, where she also attended a professional course in Bioethics, she’s currently working on the phenomenology of empathy, combining recent discussions on consciousness with Scheler’s embodied conception of the perception of others. The aim is to pinpoint a narrow concept of empathy by re-evaluating the Leib’s role and the pre-reflective focus on expressivity in the direct grasping of others’ emotions and intentions. Together with her supervisor, Prof. Guido Cusinato (University of Verona, Max Scheler Gesellschaft), she organized an international conference about Scheler and the philosophy of emotions, where renowned phenomenologists such as Roberta De Monticelli and Dan Zahavi gave keynote presentations.
CECILIA BUTINI (1990) I completed my Master’s degree in February 2015 at San Raffaele University, supervised by Prof. De Monticelli and Prof. Roberto Mordacci. My thesis titles “Ronald Dworkin and the Unity of Value”. My research aims to shed light on Dworkin’s moral philosophy, and to make insights into his value theory, side-aided by Phenomenological tools as well. I seek to further it by concentrating on the topic of pluralism and rights, especially dealing with the prickly question whether value pluralism necessarily implies value conflict, and on the implications the answer can have for a philosophy of human rights.
My other interests are politics, political theory, and human rights activism. I am an active member of Amnesty International. I currently live in Berlin, Germany.
EMANUELE CAMINADA (1984) is post-doc researcher at the a.r.t.e.s. Graduate School for the Humanities Cologne. He earned his M.A. in Philosophy at Università Vita-Salute San Raffaele, Milan in 2008. In 2013, he defended his PhD dissertation Plurale Habitus. Zur Sozialisierung der phänomenologischen Philosophie (University of Cologne, cotutela with the Istituto Italiano di Scienze Umane). His dissertation presents an analysis of the concept of habitus and its social-ontological and social-epistemological relevance within Husserl’s Ideas Pertaining to a Pure Phenomenology and to a Phenomenological Philosophy. It was developed working on the research texts for the current edition of Hua IV-2 and Hua V-2 (2014) at the Husserl-Archive in Cologne. He is in the editorial board of the Journals phenomenologyandmind.eu and metodo-rivista.eu. His interests concern the phenomenological concept of Habitus, Common-Sense Theories, Social Ontology, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Religion and Politics. http://artes.phil-fak.uni-koeln.de/19660.html
VALENTINA CUCCIO (1979) is currently a postdoctoral researcher at the Department of Humanities,
University of Palermo. She earned her M.A. in Philosophy at the University of Palermo in 2003. In 2007, she defended her PhD dissertation Language and spatial cognition in Williams syndrome (University of Palermo). The dissertation reconsiders the issue of the relationship between language and thought through experimental studies on subjects affected by Williams syndrome, a genetic pathology which includes severe visual- spatial deficits. In the past years, she has been working at the Berlin School of Mind and Brain, Humboldt University, at the Department of Neuroscience, University of Parma and at the Department of Cognitive Science, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore. She is a reviewer for PlosOne and for the Italian Journal of Philosophy of Language. Cuccio’s research interests are highly interdisciplinary ranging from philosophy to neuroscience, psychology and psycholinguistics. She is currently working on the topic of language and embodiment with particular regards to the embodied nature of metaphors.
SIMONE FERMI BERTO (1986) is a PhD Student at San Carlo Foundation, Modena, where he will defend (2015) his Doctoral Thesis Critic and Ethical Investiture of Philosophy in Albert Schweitzer’s Kulturphilosophie. He earned his M.A. in Philosophy at Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan, in 2010. His dissertation presents an analysis of some key concepts of Schweitzer’s philosophy (Ehrfurcht, Erneuerung, Bildung) in comparison to the most important phenomenological accounts, following the interpretation given by Herbert Spiegelberg. His interests concern the phenomenological concept of Person, Education, Philosophy of Religion and Politics.
FRANCESCA FORLÈ is a PhD Student at San Raffaele University, Milan. She graduated at San Raffaele in 2011 under the supervision of Prof. Roberta De Monticelli. She is now working at her Doctoral Thesis Perception and the Body. Embodied Cognition at the Interface between Phenomenology and Cognitive Sciences, under the double supervision of Prof. Roberta De Monticelli and Dr. Marco Tettamanti. She is mainly interested in philosophy of mind, cognitive sciences, phenomenology of perception, and embodied cognition, with a particular attention to the development of an embodied account of music perception. She is member of the Editorial Board of Phenomenology and Mind. The Online Journal of the Faculty of Philosophy, San Raffaele University.
BARBARA MALVESTITI (1984) is post-doc researcher at the University of Bergamo since September the 1st , 2014, where she has been studying the moral and the normative grounds of cooperation in the organizations, especially in corporations. She earned the Ph.D. in Philosophy of Law at the University of Milan (2013), with a Dissertation on the Concept of Human Dignity after the Charter of Nice, where she argues for a conception of human dignity as a minimum content supreme norm. She graduated in Philosophy at Vita-Salute San Raffaele University in Milan (2009) with a thesis on Phenomenological Foundation of Ethics and Rights, starting from E. Husserl, M. Scheler and J. Hersch perspectives. She is member of the Editorial Board of Phenomenology and Mind. The Online Journal of the Faculty of Philosophy, San Raffaele University. Her main research areas are Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Law and Philosophy of Person.
ALESSANDRO SALICE is currently a Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the Center for Subjectivity Research (CFS), University of Copenhagen, where he closely collaborates with Dan Zahavi on an extensive research project devoted to the notion of collective intentionality, to its disturbed forms in psychopathology (mainly schizophrenia) and to its relation to social cognition. Alessandro is also interested in social robotics and in how human-robot interaction can be informed by insights secured in the debate on collective intentionality. His expertise stretches from classical accounts of collective intentionality and joint action to phenomenology, philosophy of mind and metaphysics. Before coming to Copenhagen he was a Postdoctoral Research Fellow and Adjunct Lecturer at the University of Graz. He held the same positions also at University of Basel and at University of Vienna, where he worked together with Hans Bernhard Schmid.
Alessandro is Co-Editor of Journal of Social Ontology (De Gruyter) and his recent editorial projects include Special Issues on Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences (2014), on Topoi. An International Review of Psychology (2015) and on Synthese (forthcoming). His most recent publications include the book Urteile und Sachverhalte: Ein Vergleich zwischen Alexius Meinung und Adolf Reinach (2009, Munich: Philosophia), a collection of papers by the title of Intentionality. Historical and Systematic Perspectives. With a Foreword by John Searle (2013, Munich: Philosophia) as well as the volume of collected articles Social Reality: The Phenomenological Approach (with Hans Bernhard Schmid, Springer, 2015). Alessandro’s most recent papers are: “Violence as a Social Fact” (Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences, 2014) “There are no Primitive We-Intentions” (Review of Philosophy and Psychology, 2014), “The Disturbed We: Schizophrenia and Collective Intentionality” (with Mads G. Henriksen forthcoming in Journal of Consciousness Studies), “A Phenomenological Account of Group Directed Empathy” (with Joona Taipale, forthcoming in Journal of Phenomenological Psychology).
LUCA SETTEMBRINO (1990) earned his M.A. in Philosophy at Vita-Salute San Raffaele University in 2015 under the supervision of Prof. Roberta De Monticelli. The aim of his M.A. Thesis (Perceiving Others: Towards a New Conceptual Model of Empathy and Other Intersubjective Phenomena) consists in developing a new form of conceptualization for various intersubjective phenomena, with special regard to empathy conceived as perception-based experiential access to others’ mental life. He is mainly interested in philosophy of mind, cognitive (neuro)sciences and social cognition, with a particular focus on the theories of empathy.
ANDREI SIMIONESCU-PANAIT is currently a Ph.D. student coming from the Faculty of Philosophy, University of Bucharest, with a thesis about the phenomenology of elegance. He was an intern at Persona in 2015 and is currently collaborating with prof.ssa. Roberta De Monticelli on his thesis, working on Husserl, emotions, sartorial objects and value constitution. This will eventually develop into a bigger, wider phenomenological project, and the Persona Phenomenology Lab will play an important part in it.
SARAH SONGHORIAN. PhD student in Philosophy at Vita-Salute San Raffaele University of Milan (on Cognitive Neuroscience and Philosophy of Mind). She graduated in 2011 in Philosophy at Vita-Salute San Raffaele University in Milan defending a thesis on Feeling and Acting. The Ethics of Sympathy between Sentimentalism and Rationalism. Her research topic focuses on the possibility to find a relation between the concepts of “empathy”, as it is intended in recent neuroscientific analysis, and that of “sympathy”, as a normative foundation for a moral theory. She is also a member of CeSEP – Center for Public Ethics Studies – at Vita-Salute San Raffaele University. Research areas: Moral philosophy, Metaethics, Empathy and Sympathy.
THOMAS SZANTO (*1979) is currently a Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the Center for Subjectivity Research (CFS), at the University of Copenhagen, employed within the VELUX-Fonden project ‘Empathy and Interpersonal Understanding’ (PI: Dan Zahavi). 2016–2018 he will be working at the CFS witihin the framework of his Marie Curie Individual Fellowship project ‘SHARE: Shared Emotions, Group Membership, and Empathy’. Before coming to Copenhagen he was a Postdoctoral Research Fellow at University College Dublin (2012–2013), collaborating with Dermot Moran. Previously, he has held Adjunct Lecturer positions at the Universities of Vienna, Graz, and Klagenfurt. His most recent publications include the books Bewusstsein Intentionalität und Mentale Repräsentation: Husserl und die Analytische Philosophie des Geistes (de Gruyter 2012), and The Phenomenology of Sociality: Discovering the ‘We’ (co-edited with Dermot Moran) (Routledge 2015), a forthcoming Human Studies Special Issue Empathy and Collective Intentionality: The Social Philosophy of Edith Stein (co-edited with Dermot Moran), as well as articles in the journals Human Studies and Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences.
FEDERICA VALBUSA is PhD student in Education and Lifelong Learning Science at University of Verona. She graduated in 2012 in Philosophy at Vita-Salute San Raffaele University of Milan writing a thesis about personal flourishing, under the supervision of Prof. Roberta De Monticelli. Now she is developing her research under the supervision of Prof. Luigina Mortari. Her research work focuses on emotional education. Her interests concern emotional experience and educative research.
DANIEL VANELLO received his BA in Philosophy from Trinity College, Dublin (2007-2011) where he was also elected Scholar to the College in May 2009. He was then awarded the MPhil in Philosophy from the University of Warwick (2011-2013) where he is at present pursuing his PhD (2013- ). His research focuses on the relation between affectivity and evaluation in emotional experience drawing insights from both the analytic and phenomenological tradition. His other philosophical interests include Kant, Aristotle’s practical philosophy, philosophy of mind, especially the phenomenal character of experience, and existentialism. When he doesn’t occupy himself with philosophy, his interests include Modern History and Politics of the Middle East and theory of conflict resolution.
International Conferences/Doctoral Schools
1. Winter School 2010 “The Phenomenological Mind”, Keynote Speaker Dan Zahavi, Center for Subkectivity Research, Copenhaghen, Danemark (.phenomenologylab.eu/public/uploads/2010/01/winter-school-loca3new1.pdf)
2. Spring School 2011 “Making the Social World”, Keynote Speaker John Searle, Berkeley University, USA (.phenomenologylab.eu/public/uploads/2011/05/spring-school1.pdf)
3. Winter School 2013 “Sense and Sensibility. Empirical and Philosophical Investigations on the Five Senses,” Keynote Speaker Barry Smith, University of London, UK (.phenomenologylab.eu/public/uploads/2012/12/locandina-winter-school-def-.pdf)
4. Spring School 2014 ”Naturalism, the First-Person Perspective and the Embodied Mind”, Keynote Speaker Lynne Baker, Amherst University, USA (.phenomenologylab.eu/public/uploads/2014/05/Locandina-SRSSP-2014.pdf)
5. Spring School 2015: Joint Commitment. Collective Intentionality, Trust, and Political Obligation, June 15th-17th, 2015 (http://www.phenomenologylab.eu/index.php/2015/06/school-joint-commitment/)
6. Spring School 2016: Emotions, Normativity, and Social Life”, June 6th – 8th, 2016 (http://www.phenomenologylab.eu/index.php/2016/05/srssp2016-program/)
Phenomenology in Europe
An informal Research and Teaching Web based on shared methods and objectives is being constituted with some of the Chairs and/or Departments/Faculties already represented in the Scientific Board of “Phenomenology and Mind”. Based both on Erasmus and more informal, personalized agreements, this web should promote teaching and research exchanges by teachers and students of the concerned institutions
Collaborations in course: D. Zahavi, S. Overgaard, A. Salice, Copenhagen; H.B. Schmid, Vienna; W. Zelanjec, Cracovia; P. Alvez, Lisbon; D. Moran, Dublin; T. Fuchs, S. Micali, Heidelberg; E. Caminada, T. Breyer, Koeln; S. Rinofner, Graz; Nathalie Depraz, Paris; J-L Petit, Strasbourg, M. Ratcliffe, Vienna; M.Pauen, Berlin, A. Newen, N. Gangopadhyay, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Joel Smith, Manchester
Journal and interactive forum:
“Phenomenology and Mind”, up until 2014 the Online Journal of the Research Centre PERSONA;
From 2014, thanks to a special funding by San Raffaele University, the Online Journal of the Faculty of Philosophy, San Raffaele University: .phenomenologyandmind.eu/
(Issues 1-7 are currently available for download from the site)
Issues 8 and 9 are in preparation: see current CFP here: .phenomenologyandmind.eu/call-for-papers-2/
An online editorial project open to all researchers and people interested in Phenomenology, Philosophy of Mind and Cognitive Sciences. Its aim is creating a space where all contributors could share or freely exchange information, ideas, theoretical contributions, and research projects with people who from different perspectives and with various objectives, consider the dialogue between these fundamental domains of Contemporary Philosophy to be stimulating and constructive. See more on the website.