The Research Center in Experimental and Applied Epistemology (CRESA) was created in 2006 at University Vita-Salute San Raffaele, Milan (UNISR), with the aim of promoting the connection between philosophy, cognitive science and neuroscience, through groundbreaking and multidisciplinary research and a constant interaction with the scientific and linguistic courses taught at UNISR. The main research strength of CRESA focuses on the field of experimental and applied epistemology, which combines the experimental method of science and the theoretical rigour of philosophy. Science sheds new light on traditionally philosophical issues, and sometimes it even helps to solve them. Nowadays, cognitive neuroscience is dramatically changing our conception of the mind and its functions. Cognitive neuroscience provides new data on the nature of perception, language, memory and consciousness, reasoning and decision-making, which are by now necessary for understanding production processes, distribution and application of knowledge.

Edoardo Boncinelli (Università Vita-Salute San Raffaele), Michele Di Francesco (IUSS Pavia), Matteo Motterlini (Università Vita-Salute San Raffaele), Andrea Moro (IUSS Pavia), Claudia Bianchi (Università Vita-Salute San Raffaele), Achille Varzi (Columbia University), Massimo Egidi (LUISS), Gianvito Martino (Università Vita-Salute San Raffaele), Stefano Cappa (IUSS Pavia), Francesco Guala (Università degli Studi di Milano), Vittorio Girotto (IUAV Venezia), Diego Marconi (Università di Torino), Giacomo Rizzolatti (Università di Parma), Marco Santambrogio (Università di Parma), Massimo Piattelli Palmarini (University of Ariziona), Martin Monti (UCLA), Benedetto de Martino (UCL, London)

The connection between the theoretical study of scientific progress, of the functioning of the mind, language and reasoning, and the experimental observation of cognitive and logico-linguistic data is the main thrust of the advanced research of CRESA that deeply informs the scientific-linguistic teaching at UNISR. This latter spans history and philosophy of science, neuroeconomy and cognitive economy, epistemology, philosophy of language and linguistics, philosophy of mind, formal and informal reasoning, and philosophy of mathematics.
Philosophy of Language

Philosophy of Mind

Biological Basis of Knowledge

Formal Logic

Epistemology and Philosophy of Science

General Linguistics

Logic and Ontology

Thought and Language

History of Science

Cognitive Psychology

Communication and Cognition

Cognitive Economy and Neuroeconomy

Epistemology and Philosophy of Mathematics

Philosophy of Cognitive Science

Philosophical Logic

Mind, Language, and Ontology

Neurobiology of Language

The Center hosts and develops research projects in different scientific areas that span the CRESA research interests. Research Projects:

Evidence-Based & Behavioural Public Policy
Neurobiology of Irrationality
Investimente (Behavioural Financing 2.0)
Economy and Happiness
Epistemology of Decision-Making
Language and Social Cognition
Ethics of Communication and Freedom of Speech
Experimental and Cognitive Pragmatics
Naturalism in Mathematics
Experimental Epistemology
Extended Mind
Mind and Emergentism
Decision support systems (MilanLab)
Behavioural Financing – “Anima Finlab”
Medical decision making

CRESA Journal Club: 2014-15, Series of reading seminars on social epistemology: please, visit our web calendar at

Conferences: CRESA cooperated to the organisation of the first FilMat conference held at UNISR in 2014

International projects: CRESA is a member of the European Nudge Network (TEN):