The research centres CeSEP, CRESA, IRCECP, and PERSONA and the Ph.D. program in Philosophy at San Raffaele University, Milan, organize the International Conference and Spring School:


Unpacking Political Agency

Equality, Vulnerability, Discrimination

San Raffaele Spring School of Philosophy 2018 (SRSSP 2018)


What does it mean to be a political agent? Is it a status that needs to be acknowledged to any member of a democratic polity or do people need to fulfil some requirements to be treated as agents?


In very general terms, an agent is a being with the capacity to act, and ‘agency’ denotes the exercise or manifestation of this capacity. While personal agency entails the capacities to form, realize, and revise temporally extended plans political agency involves the capacity to act in concert with others by exercising political power. On the one hand, this means that individual political agency is contingent on other people; as a consequence, if a person becomes ‘isolated’ from others or excluded by others, her political agency decreases. On the other hand, the relationship between power and political agency entails that the exercise of political agency deeply affects others because it can limit their freedom to pursue what they desire.


Past editions of SRSSP:

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Scientific Direction

Enrico Biale (University of Piemonte Orientale “Amedeo Avogadro”), Claudia Bianchi (Vita-Salute San Raffaele University), Roberta De Monticelli (Vita-Salute San Raffaele University), Francesca De Vecchi (Vita-Salute San Raffaele University), Roberto Mordacci (Vita–Salute San Raffaele University), Francesca Pongiglione (Vita-Salute San Raffaele University), Massimo Reichlin (Vita-Salute San Raffaele University), Roberta Sala (Vita-Salute San Raffaele University), Virginia Sanchini (University of Milan – Vita-Salute San Raffaele University), Sarah Songhorian (Vita-Salute San Raffaele University).

How to reach the University

Milan has 3 important airports; Malpensa, Linate and Orio al Serio Airport.
Malpensa Airport is located in the northwest of the city near Varese and is Italy’s most important airport in terms of international traffic.
It is connected to Milan by the Milano-Varese highway as well as by the “Malpensa Express” train starting from the Milan Cadorna railway station, which takes about 40 minutes.

Linate Airport is one of the two major airports of Milan. It is in the southeast of the city and nearest to the San Raffaele Hospital & University. It is mainly used for domestic and short-haul international flights.

Orio al Serio Airport is located in Orio al Serio, in the southeast of Bergamo and is considered part of Milan’s airport system together with Linate and Malpensa.

Milan’s railways are served by Ferrovie dello Stato and Ferrovie Nord.

Reaching San Raffaele: the closest underground station is CASCINA GOBBA (MM green line 2). From there you can either take the shuttle train – a one minute trip – to HSR for which you will have to buy another ticket (1,30 euro), or take the 925 bus (direction Piazza Udine) which stops in front of San Raffaele.This latter is a 5 minutes trip, with the same ticket used for the underground (single ticket: 1,50 euro).

From Linate Airport:
• 10 minutes drive by Taxi (fare around 20 euros).
• Bus to the central railway station of Milan ‘Stazione Centrale’ (MM green line 2).
• Bus n° 73 to Piazza San Babila (MM red line 1).
From Orio al Serio Airport:
This airport is near the city of Bergamo and 1 hour’s drive from Milano.
• Bus to the central railway station of Milan ‘Stazione Centrale’ (MM green line 2).
• Bus to ‘Lambrate’ railway station (MM green line 2).
From Malpensa Airport:
• 50 minutes drive from Milano (taxi fare: 90 euros).
• Malpensa Express Train to Cadorna station (MM green line 2) railway station.
• Malpensa Bus Express to the central railway station of Milan ‘Stazione Centrale’ (MM green line 2).
• Shuttle Air Pullman to the central railway station of Milan ‘Stazione Centrale’ (MM green line 2).


You can find Taxis outside all airports, railway or underground stations and in many streets and squares of the city. Should you need to find or book a taxi you can dial the following numbers:
Yellow taxi: 02/6969 – Radio Taxi: 02/8585 – Taxiblu: 02/4040