History of Ideas
Curriculum Coordinator: Prof. Andrea Tagliapietra
The curriculum in History of Ideas aims to train young scholars able to meet the great philosophical questions through the method of the History of Ideas, that is through a historical-hermeneutic approach that recreates the major issues through the recognition of the evolution of themes, concepts and languages that have expressed these issues in the philosophical tradition.
The belief that animates research in this area is that only the historical perspective, with its ability to show the relativity of positions taken as absolute over time, constitutes the field of election for the formation of a genuine critical thinking. The word “critics” takes us back to a dramatic conception of the truth, that is as a result of a refuting process, which appeared for the first time in Greece, at the time of the Sophists and the tragic poets, where the birth of philosophy and the theater find their common root.
The truth is above all critics of the truth and rejection of its imposition we call “power”; critics have for aim the weakening and the division of powers. The critical sense must be awakened and kept awake and vocation of the same philosophy, its authentic profession is in this education.
- Hermeneutics and History of Ideas as a privileged philosophical approach to History of Philosophy.
- The study of Greek great metaphysical traditions (Pythagorism, Platonism, Aristotelism, Stoicism) within their history of influence on Christian thought and their fusion with Hebrew culture.
- Constant presence and revival of the Fathers’ approach during great crisis periods and turning points in the Western world, with particular emphasis on Italian Renaissance, German Idealism and British and American Romanticism.
- Relation between monotheistic belief and Hellenistic reason, Logos and Nomos as a place for confrontation with medieval Arabic philosophy and with the contemporary Islamic world.
- Editions, translations, interpretations of classics of Classical and Christian thought;
- Patristic thought as a place for dialogue with the West and the Orthodox-Byzantine tradition and with the great Russian literature.
- Secularization, de-Hellenization, political theology, second Axial Age.