Martini Carlo Professore AssociatoPhilosophyM-FIL/02 - Logica e Filosofia della Scienza




Carlo Martini (born 1983) is Associate Professor in Logic and Philosophy of Science at Vita-Salute San Raffaele University (Milan). After completing his Ph.D. in Philosophy at Tilburg University, he worked as lecturer and university researcher at the University of Bayreuth and the University of Helsinki. He is also Visiting Fellow at the Center for Philosophy of Social Science at the University of Helsinki.

Martini's main interests are in philosophy of social science, including the interaction between science and policy, and social epistemology, including the social epistemology of science. He has contributed significantly to the literature on the epistemology and philosophy of expertise, with several publications and special issues in the field. He is currently editing a volume of collected papers titled “Questioning Experts, Essays on Expertise and Expert Knowledge” with Maria Baghramian (UCD, Dublin)

He publishes regularly in top-level philosophy journals, (e.g., Topoi, History and philosophy of the life sciences, The Journal of Economic Methodology, Synthese, Erkenntnis). He was P.I. of the project "The Trinity of Policy-Making: Evidence Causation and Argumentation", funded by the Finnish Cultural Foundation (2015 – 2019). He is currently the local Work Package leader for the H2020 project PERITIA - Policy, Expertise and Trust, and the PRIN project From Models to Decisions.

At UniSR he has set up a team working at the intersection of epistemology and experimental social science, to study disinformation in social media. The work has produced its first important experimental publication, forthcoming (definitely accepted) in Scientific Reports (Nature Science) Open Access:


2008-2011: Ph.D. in philosophy, Tilburg University
2005--2007: Master's thesis in philosophy and public policy, University of Padua 
2006--2007: Visiting full time master's student, University of California, Los Angeles 
2004--2005: Visiting full time student, University of St Andrews
2002-2005: Bachelor's thesis in philosophy, University of Padua

Professional Experience

2017--2020 Assistant Professor (Logic and Philosophy of Science, M-FIL/02), Faculty of Philosophy, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University (Milan)
2015--2017 University Researcher/Dosentti, Academy of Finland Centre of Excellence in the Philosophy of the Social Sciences
2013--2015 Postdoctoral Researcher, Academy of Finland Centre of Excellence in the Philosophy of the Social Sciences
2011--2013 Lecturer, University of Bayreuth

Professional Activities

2021-present. Luca Ausili, Ph.D. supervisor (UniSR)
2018-present. Monica Consolandi, Ph.D. Supervisor (UniSR) 2015-present. 
Supervisor for ca. 25 Bachelor and Master's Theses

--POSTDOC SUPERVISION-- 2022 - present: Mara Floris 2020-2022: Piero Ronzani 2020-2021: Folco Panizza 2020-2022: Mattia Andreoletti

-EDITORSHIPS (selected)--
-- Expertise and argumentation in evidence-based medicine, 2019 (with Fabrizio Macagno) for Topoi
-- Expertise and Expert Knoweldge, 2018-2019 (with Maria Baghramian) for Social Epistemology Journal
--Reviewer for the journals: Social Epistemology, Synthese, Australasian Journal of Philosophy, British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, Topoi. An International Review of Philosophy, Logic Journal of the IGPL, Erkenntnis, Studies in History and Philosophy of Science, Canadian Journal of Philosophy, Social Theory and Practice, Historical Social Research - Historische
--Reviewer for The Icelandic Research Fund and DFG Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft
--Program Committee member for: MUST9: Evidence, Inference, and Risk, Munich 31 March, 2 April 2016; The 2016 meeting of the Nordic Network for Philosophy of Science, Tartu, 21-23 April
--Reviewer for the following special issues:
(a) Agent-based Modeling across Social Science, Economics, and Philosophy Dominik Klein (ed.) Historical Social Research - Historische Sozialforschung (2018)
(b) Knowledge Transfer and Its Context Chiara Lisciandra and Catherine Herfeld (eds.) Studies in History and Philosophy of Science: Part A (2019)

Major Fields of Interest:

Philosophy of Science
Social Epistemology
Methodology of the Social Sciences 
Experimental Method
Science and Policy


2020. Research Grant European Research Council. H2020-SC6-GOVERNANCE-2018-2019 Title: Policy, Expertise, and Trust in Action (Local P.I. award €163 467.50 – Consortium total award:
2018. Research Grant PRIN (Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research) Title: From Models to Decisions (Local P.I. award €103.000 – Consortium total award €634.480)
2016. Research grant. Finnish Cultural Foundation Workshop Grants continuation (additional €50.000) Title of the project: The Trinity of Policy-Making: Evidence, Causation and Argumentation
2015. Research grant. Finnish Cultural Foundation Workshop Grants (€50.000) Title of the project: The Trinity of Policy-Making: Evidence, Causation and Argumentation



1. Martini C., Andreoletti M. (2021). Genuine versus bogus scientific controversies: the case of statins. HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY OF THE LIFE SCIENCES, vol. 43, ISSN: 0391-9714, doi: 10.1007/s40656-021-00456-w
2. Carlo Martini (2021). Models and experts: the contribution of expertise to epidemic and pandemic modelling. ARGUMENTA, ISSN: 2465-2334, doi: 10.14275/2465-2334/202113.mar
3. Consolandi, Monica, Martini, Carlo, Reni, Michele, Arcidiacono, Paolo Giorgio, Falconi, Massimo, Graffigna, Guendalina, Capurso, Gabriele (2020). COMMUNI.CARE (COMMUNIcation and Patient Engagement at Diagnosis of PAncreatic CAncer): Study Protocol. FRONTIERS IN MEDICINE, vol. 7, ISSN: 2296-858X, doi: 10.3389/fmed.2020.00134
4. Martini, Carlo (2020). What “Evidence” in Evidence-Based Medicine?. TOPOI, ISSN: 0167-7411, doi: 10.1007/s11245-020-09703-4 
5. Martini, Carlo (2018). Ad Hominem Arguments, Rhetoric, and Science Communication. STUDIES IN LOGIC, GRAMMAR AND RHETORIC, vol. 55, p. 151-166, ISSN: 2199-6059, doi: 10.2478/slgr-2018-0033
MARTINI, CARLO, Fernández Pinto M. (2017). Modeling the social organization of science. EUROPEAN JOURNAL FOR PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE, ISSN: 1879-4920, doi: 10.1007/s13194-016-0153-1 - Articolo in rivista
7. MARTINI, CARLO (2015). Expertise and institutional design in economic committees. JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC METHODOLOGY, vol. 22, p. 391-409, ISSN: 1350-178X, doi: 10.1080/1350178X.2015.1071509 - Articolo in rivista
8. MARTINI, CARLO (2015). The Paradox Of Proof And Scientific Expertise. HUMANA.MENTE, vol. 28, p. 1-16, ISSN: 1972-1293 
9. MARTINI, CARLO (2014). Experts in science: a view from the trenches. SYNTHESE, vol. 191, p. 3-15, ISSN: 0039-7857, doi: 10.1007/s11229-013-0321-1
10. MARTINI, CARLO (2014). The role of experts in the methodology of economics. JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC METHODOLOGY, vol. 21, p. 77-91, ISSN: 1350-178X, doi: 10.1080/1350178X.2014.886472 
11. MARTINI, CARLO, Ryan Muldoon, Chiara Lisciandra, Mark Colyvan, Giacomo Sillari, Jan Sprenger (2014). Disagreement behind the veil of ignorance. PHILOSOPHICAL STUDIES, vol. 173, p. 377-394, ISSN: 0031-8116, doi: 10.1007/s11098-013-0225-4 
12. MARTINI, CARLO (2012). A Puzzle about Belief Updating. SYNTHESE, ISSN: 0039-7857, doi: 10.1007/s11229-012-0132-9 - Articolo in rivista
13. MARTINI, CARLO (2012). Applying formal social epistemology to the real world. ANALYSE & KRITIK, vol. 78, p. 383-398, ISSN: 0171-5860, doi: 
14. MARTINI, CARLO, Sprenger J, Colyvan M. (2012). Resolving Disagreement Through Mutual Respect. ERKENNTNIS, ISSN: 0165-0106, doi: 10.1007/s10670-012-9381-8 
15. Hartmann S, MARTINI, CARLO, Sprenger JM (2009). Consensual Decision-Making Among Epistemic Peers. EPISTEME, ISSN: 1742-3600
16. Carlo Martini (2019). The Epistemology of Expertise. In: (a cura di): Miranda Fricker Peter J. Graham David Henderson Nikolaj J.L.L. Pedersen, The Routledge Handbook of Social Epistemology. doi: 10.4324/9781315717937
17. Martini, Carlo (2019). Transparency and Accountability in Monetary Policy Committees. In: (a cura di): August V. Osrecki F., Der Transparenz-Imperativ. p. 303-320, ISBN: 978-3-658-22293-2, doi: 10.1007/978-3-658-22294-9_12
18. C. Martini, J. Sprenger (2017). Opinion Aggregation and Individual Expertise. In: (a cura di): T. Boyer-Kassem C. Mayo-Wilson M. Weisberg, Scientific Collaboration and Collective Knowledge. Oxford University Press, ISBN: 9780190680534
19. MARTINI, CARLO (2014). Seeking consensus in the social sciences. In: Martini C and Marcel Boumans. (a cura di): Martini C and Marcel Boumans, Experts and Consensus in Social Science. vol. 50, p. 115-130, Springer International Publishing Switzerland, ISBN: 978-3-319-08551-7, doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-08551-7 
20. C. Martini, M. Boumans (2014). Introduction: Experts and Consensus in Social Science. In: C. Martini M. Boumans. (a cura di): C. Martini M. Boumans, Experts and Consensus in Social Science. ISBN: 978-3-319-08551-7 

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