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A physiotherapist treats motor function conditions and the pain symptoms of the musculoskeletal system using therapeutic exercise, the application of physical devices and manual techniques.
The two terms that characterise this profession are, therefore, treatment and function. The physiotherapist’s mission is, first and foremost, to treat motor function. The increase in the population’s average age and the survival of patients who, following severe illness, have motor function defects, has made the treatment of impairment, i.e. difficulties performing the activities of daily living, all the more important.
The general purpose of a physiotherapist’s work is precisely to improve the quality of life of patients with motor impairments, in order to minimise their disability. This profession requires vast technical and scientific know-how that allows the individual to make functional assessments, perform physiotherapy treatments and evaluate the efficacy of the treatment administered. The training required involves the study of basic and clinical sciences, in particular physiology, pathophysiology and movement, as well as the study of rehabilitation techniques.