The main, though not exclusive, goal is the preparation of young scholars to undertake the academic career, both in national and international research institutions and research centers, and the work placement in multidisciplinary professional fields that require philosophical competence.
The following goals are among the PhD main objectives and are shared by all curricula:
- the acquisition of competences that unify philosophical understanding of the human experience and the study of natural and social sciences;
- the mastering of the different languages in which the investigation on the notion of personhood has been developed in Western cultures and is carried out in the main areas of research on human reality;
- learning the most advanced methods of investigation in conceptual analysis, historical-theoretical research, rational argumentation, experimental study of cognitive functions;
- the development of a syncretic perspective on philosophical subject matters – human mind, language, values, behavior, personal life – which unifies historical and philosophical comprehesion and the results from empirical science;
- the development of a clear and exhaustive scientific writing ability that allows the production of original and fully developed research contributions in the respective disciplinary fields;
- the ability to be critically and creatively involved in the processes of knowledge, coordination and management of research groups and complex organizations.
These goals are implemented even more effectively in each PhD curriculum, in which specializing competences will be developed through a multidisciplinary analysis of philosophical contents, perspectives and tools that merge into the principal methodology of each research field. The synthesis that each PhD student shall accomplish in her/his research shall not be a blurred mixture of methodologies and contents, rather an enrichment and integration of a main line of investigation with other aspects compatible with her/his research topic, so that what would be overshadowed by a unilateral approach could come to light.
To this aim, each PhD student not only will be able to conceive and construe her/his own original line of research, by being guided by a supervisor and a tutor, but will also attend a training program shared by all curricula, both by didactic seminars and participations in the activities of the other research groups of the PhD program.
By this didactical methodology, each PhD student will have the chance to acquire a unitary view and be equipped with an ample variety of both practical and conceptual research tools, which are often otherwise limited within single academic disciplines. To this extent, such an multifaceted approach sees a rather natural and privileged research environment in University Vita-Salute San Raffaele; the PhD program will also benefit from the collaboration with the interdisciplinary research centers of the Philosophy Faculty and the research centers of the University.